"Carbon Management" is a key aspect of sustainability. All manufactured primary, secondary and fabricated metal products employ production processes involving sources of carbon and energy such as coal, petroleum coke, charcoal, oil, and natural gas for combustion to generate heat. Alternatively, additionally and indirectly, processes also use electricity generated from combustion of fossil and renewal energy sources. Either way, combustion of fossil fuels generates carbon dioxide as an undesirable by-product. Carbon Management is the science and engineering of managing and mitigating the undesirable carbon dioxide produced.
Phinix, LLC provides carbon management services in terms of understanding, calculating and providing strategies to lower carbon foot print via fuel selection, process control and modification, designing sustainable recycle-friendly products, increasing energy savings during use phase, increasing recyclability, minimizing products going to landfills or incinerators, carbon storage and sequestration and recovering products from landfills.
“Global aluminum / aluminum industry can achieve or even exceed carbon neutrality by using “greener” energy grid, improving process electricity needs utilizing more efficient technologies, eliminating anode affect, making products which saves energy while in use and producing products for renewal energy sector, enhancing recycling rates to prevent aluminum going into landfills and incinerators, and mining aluminum from urban landfills and developing accepted protocols to allow in-use energy savings , producing products for renewal energy sectors and recycling as carbon credits /offsets.”
Through synergistic collaborations and alliances with individuals and organizations, Phinix, LLC provides the following carbon management services for manufacturing, agricultural and renewal energy sectors and for cities, states and countries:
Papers / Presentations / Seminars offered
Achieving Carbon Neutrality for the Global Aluminum Industry
- by Dr. Subodh Das
Journal of Metals, February 2012
This paper outlines an integrated and quantifiable plan for achieving "carbon neutrality" in the global aluminum industry by advocating five actionable steps: (1) increase use of "green" electrical energy grid by 8%, (2) reduce process energy needs by 16%, (3) deploy 35% of products in "in-use" energy saving applications, (4) divert 6.1 million metric tonnes/year from landfills, and (5) mine 4.5 million metric tonnes/year from aluminum-rich "urban mines."
Aluminum Industry and Climate Change-Assessment and Responses
- Dr. Subodh Das and John A.S. Green
Journal of Metals, February, 2010 pp, 27-31
It is now possible to assess the impact of the production processes of aluminum on the environment and to describe some of the ongoing responses and opportunities for improvement. This is compared with the benefits of aluminum in transportation, where the growing usage in various forms of transport due to its low density, high strength, and ability to be recycled enables reduced mass, increased fuel efficiency, reduced emissions and increased safety. It is the purpose of this paper to compare and contrast the emissions generated in the production of aluminum with the benefits accruing from its increased use in transportation.
Enabling Environmentally-Informed Materials Selection Decisions: Robustness of early stage lifecycle
- A. Allen, Dr. Subodh Das, F. Field, J. Gregory, and R. Kirchain
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Industries Studies, Annual Conference, May 1-2, 2008 Boston, MA
This paper explores the robustness of materials selection decisions when using various life-cycle assessment methods. Improving the environmental performance of vehicles is a topic of growing concern met by today’s designer. One approach to this goal is through vehicle mass reduction, enabled through the implementation of a growing array of material candidates. While LCA methods are available to provide quantitative input into this selection decision, LCA applications are evolving and distinct. Specifically, this paper surveys the major analytical variations of LCA implementations and explores the implications of one major variant when applied to an automotive materials selection case study involving aluminum. This case study examines analytical variations in treatment of recycling by exploring allocation methods that affect product EOL. Preliminary results indicate that the choice of analytical method can have real impacts on individual metrics and there are sets of analytical variation over which strategic results are strongly affected.
Life-cycle Cost Analysis: Aluminum versus Steel in Passenger Cars
- C.A. Ungureanu, Dr. Subodh Das, I.S. Jawahir
Aluminum Alloy for Transportation, Packaging, Aerospace and other application, Edited by Subodh Das and Weimin Yin, TMS 2007, pp 11-24
In light of escalating fuel prices and the ongoing climate change discussion, sustainability considerations are currently taking a more prominent role in material selection decisions for automotive applications. This paper presents a new methodology for total life-cycle cost analysis and employs a case study involving the use of aluminum in automotive applications. This study is aimed at developing a new sustainability model to quantify the total cost encountered over the entire life-cycle of a vehicle considering all four life-cycle stages: (1) pre-manufacturing, (2) manufacturing, (3) use and (4) post-use. Also, the paper presents a quantitative evaluation of the environmental impact of using aluminum material in a vehicle. The paper compares the use of aluminum with the traditional use of steel alloys in a given automotive application by providing details of economic and environmental performance of the vehicle over the total life-cycle.
Presentation: “Anaerobic Digesters for Kentucky Dairies: Opportunities for Generating Green Energy,
Carbon Credits and Producing “Carbon Neutral “Products”
- Dr. Subodh Das, Executive Task Force on BI0MASS and BIOFUELS Development in Kentucky
Frankfort, KY November 4, 2009
Presentation: “Opportunities for Generating Green Energy, Carbon Credits and “Carbon Neutral” Milk
- Dr. Subodh Das
Kentucky Dairy Development Council Meeting, Broughtontown Community Center Crab Orchard, Kentucky December 11 , 2009
Presentation: "Upcoming Carbon Management Legislations: Impacts and Opportunities for the Global
- Dr. Subodh Das
Annual Meeting of the Mineral, Metals and Materials Society (TMS) in Seattle, Washington during February 14-18, 2010
State Wide Task Force
BIOMASS and BIOFUELS Development in Kentucky
A collaborative effort of the Governor’s Office of Agricultural Policy and the Energy and Environment Cabinet December 10, 2009
Presentation : "Aluminum Industry and Climate Change : Assessment and Responses"
- Dr. Subodh Das and John A.S. Green
TMS Annual Meetings San Francisco , CA February 17, 2009
Presentation : "Can the Global Aluminum Industry Achieve Carbon Neutrality?"
- Dr. Subodh Das
International Aluminum Conference, Bahrain, September 2010
Proposal: Development of a Waste-to-Energy Project
This proposal was submitted by Phinix, LLC, a Lexington based Minority Business Enterprise (MBE).
The experienced multi-disciplinary team, assembled by Phinix, LLC, has the broad experience, flexibility and capability to successfully design, build and commissions the Waste-to-Energy (WTE) plant for Lexington Fayette Urban County Government (LFUCG) and manage the resulting carbon credit benefits.
Carbon Management for the Global Metals Industries, by Subodh K. Das, PhD, MBA, PE, to be published by Wiley.
Energy Technology: Conservation, Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management, Alternative Energy Sources (2010), Published by the Minerals. Metals and Materials Society (TMS), Warrendale, PA, USA.